There are many books in the Bible that have been removed. Some of these books include the Book of Baruch, the Letter to Philip, and the Secret Book of James. Others are historical errors. Let’s take a look at some of these books. You may be surprised to find out that there are as many as 66 books in the Bible.
Book of Baruch
Many critics have argued that the Book of Baruch should be removed from the Bible because it does not follow the biblical narrative. This book, however, was written after the year 70 A.D. Many of the texts that the Book of Baruch refers to are Greek-translated, so there’s no reason to believe that they were originally Hebrew. However, there are some elements of the book that are in line with Christian traditions.
Baruch was a secretary for Jeremiah and wrote his own version of the prophet’s words on a scroll. The book’s central themes include God’s just action against the nation of Israel, the need for repentance and obedience to God’s Word, and the plea for mercy. The book includes references to King Jeconiah, whose actions were evil in the eyes of God.
Letter of Peter to Philip
The Letter of Peter to Philip is a largely unknown letter that was once attributed to Jesus Christ. It is a letter that appears in two Coptic manuscripts and portrays a post-resurrection revelatory dialogue between Jesus and his disciples. It only appears at the beginning of the narrative and is intended to encourage Philip to rejoin the other disciples. In this letter, Jesus urges his disciples to unite in the apostolic enterprise, and Philip replies, encouraging the other disciples to do likewise.
The letter was not removed from the Bible because it does not contradict the teachings of Paul. It was written to be read in context of the whole Bible. This means that it is consistent with other writings of the New Testament and the teachings of Jesus Christ. But the letter to Philip may not be in agreement with all the other books of Scripture. This means that its author does not hold all authority.
Secret Book of James
The Secret Book of James, which was removed from the Bible in the early 2000s, is an apocryphon that was written several centuries after the death of Jesus. It uses Gnostic language and was found along with other Gnostic texts. Nevertheless, it fits into the late writings of the time. Its contents are secret instructions, written in dialog form.
The translation of the Secret Book of James is available in the public domain and was based on the Coptic text of Nag Hammadi Codex I, 2. The translation was done by Dr. Willis Barnstone using the Nag Hammadi manuscript. The text is also available in PDF format and contains information about the translation.
Book of Esther
The Book of Esther is unusual in several ways. It is the only biblical book that does not include God’s name, and some critics have questioned its inclusion in the canon. However, the absence of God’s name is consistent with the theme of the book. Esther is a story of faith, and the absence of God’s name fits well with the theme.
The Hebrew version of the Book of Esther does not contain any mention of God, the Temple, or prayer. The Greek Septuagint included six passages that mention God. These are notable, especially the prayers of Mordecai and Esther. Although Protestants have removed the Book of Esther from the Bible, it remains in many versions.
Book of Judas
Why was the Book of Judas removed from the Bible? The writer is especially angry with the other disciples. The story of Judas and the death of Jesus are the subjects of this book. Despite its historical importance, it remains controversial. The Book of Judas has been removed from the Bible by some scholars, and is being broadcast on the National Geographic Channel.
The book is very old, but bears little resemblance to orthodox Christianity. It undermines the New Testament and contradicts the message of Christ’s incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension. In addition, it promotes a dualistic view of evil that is diametrically opposed to biblical Christianity.
Book of Daniel
There are several arguments that have been made for and against removing the Book of Daniel from the Bible. The first argument focuses on its controversial story of Susanna. The Protestant Church rejected it, citing accusations of voyeurism. The story goes that a man came to the house of a woman named Susanna and demanded sex. The woman refused and sent the maids away. Later, another man tried to have sex with her, and she refused to have sex with him. It is not clear how much of this story is in the Book of Daniel, but it is clear that the story of Susanna is controversial.
The sixth century interpretation of the book is also problematic. This interpretation is closer to the time of the Babylonian empire, and the author should know the history better than someone who wrote 350 years later. In three cases, the author is considered to have interpreted the history of Babylon incorrectly. In Daniel 1:1-2, the author seems to be confusing the succession of Babylonian kings and the time of Darius the Mede.
Some denominations consider 1 and 2 Maccabees canonical, but others reject them entirely. While they are both about the Maccabees, they differ significantly in content and structure. One major difference is the emphasis on the doctrine of resurrection in 2 Maccabees. The second book also has a prayer for the dead and describes a prophetic exchange between Judas Maccabeus and the prophet Jeremiah.
Despite its differences from the Hebrew Bible, some Protestants reject it as apocryphal material. Some Protestants believe the book was written by uninspired authors and therefore not inspired by God. Nevertheless, Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians do not consider it apocryphal and see it as an important part of the Bible.