How Books Are Categorized and Arranged in the Library

how books are classified and arranged in the library

Keeping books categorized and arranged in the library is very important. Books have different categories such as Audiovisual, Reference, Shelfmarks, Serials, and others. This will help you to find what you are looking for faster and easier.


Various classification systems are used in libraries. These systems are designed for different shelving purposes.

The main objective of classification is to provide a systematic arrangement of books. Classification arranges books by subject, in a logical and convenient way for the reader and the librarian. This system of arrangement helps in the compilation of catalogues and bibliographies. It also helps in facilitating book selection.

Library classification is usually arranged in alphabetical order. The notation used in library classifications is a set of symbols used to mark books. The symbols represent the subject of a book. Examples of subjects are literature, philosophy, science, etc. The symbols are arranged in an artificial language.

The order of the books is not specified for the lowest levels of classification. However, there are many special libraries that have developed their own systems.


Managing serials in a library requires a systematic approach. There is a need to identify and describe the different types of serials, and their characteristics.

There are a number of classification schemes that have been proposed. These schemes typically merge subject, purpose, frequency, and publisher.

A serial is defined as an organized series of books, periodicals, or other publications, generally in the form of a book or series of books. They are published in a variety of mediums, and are usually intended to continue indefinitely. However, there are also periodicals that are not classified as serials.

Serials can be classified into three categories: journals, magazines, and newspapers. Most periodicals are not classified by call number. Instead, they are shelved in Periodicals stacks on the Lower Level. Most are shelved alphabetically by title.


IFLA has developed international cataloguing rules for audiovisual and multimedia materials. This has contributed to a large explosion of multimedia in libraries. These materials include still images, audio, and moving images.

As with other library materials, audiovisual materials need to be arranged and classified according to their subject, library activities, and other factors. The classification should be consistent. This classification scheme should be supported by national and international standards and legislation.

In addition to the classification scheme, there should be a national or regional bibliography for audiovisual materials. It should be updated regularly. It should also contain the legal position for usage and rental rights.

Audiovisual materials are also available in digital formats. These can be used to reach out to people who have difficulty reading print materials or to people with disabilities.


Often referred to as a classmark, shelfmarks are used to sort books on library shelves. They are printed on the spine of books and are arranged in numerical order. This allows people to quickly locate books in a branch library.

The Dewey Decimal Classification scheme is the most common library classification system in the world. It is used by many public and academic libraries. It also allows groups of similar items to be arranged together.

In addition to classification, shelfmarks also provide a guide to more significant areas of the collections. This helps users to navigate library books and electronic catalogues.

There are three parts to a shelfmark: the number, the subject of the book and the author’s name or editor’s name. The number, arranged in numerical order, indicates the subject of the book. It also indicates its location.

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