How Books Are Classified and Arranged in the Library

how books are classified and arranged in the library

Before you start browsing the library shelves, you should understand how books are classified and arranged. Libraries use classification systems to group books that relate to a common topic. This allows you to find books on your interest in a serendipitous manner. Most public and academic libraries use the Library of Congress Classification System or the Dewey Decimal Classification System. A book’s author name is the citation for the classification system.


The practice of cataloguing books in libraries involves naming, describing, and categorizing individual works. The most common approach is descriptive cataloging, which records the attributes of books and provides the user with an easy way to find and identify a book. There are several types of cataloging standards, including Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR), Resource Description and Access (RDA), and the Bibliographic Framework.

Another method of cataloguing books in a library involves making a detailed list of all books in the library. This list should include details such as title, author, date of publication, and place of purchase. The process can be carried out by hand, through computer software, or using mobile applications. While manual cataloguing is the most common method, some libraries use computer software or mobile applications to keep track of their books.

Call number

The EKU Library follows the Library of Congress (LoC) system of classification. Each book is given a Call Number, which is a set of numbers representing the subject matter of the book. Next to the call number is the author’s last name and the year that the work was published. Books on the same topic are organized near each other on the library shelves. This system was developed to make library collections more accessible to the general public.

Library classification is a key process in arranging the collection. The first step is to assign the call number, which acts as a sort of address for the book. It helps library users find specific books in a catalog and is used to find items. Another step is assigning an index to the books in the library. Once the index is complete, the book’s call number can be used to find it.

Classification system

The Classification system for books in a library is the system used to organize knowledge. This notational system allows items to be stored and located in an orderly manner. It is also used to ensure that books and other resources have the proper places in the library. There are many different classification systems, including subject headings, author names, or even author’s first names. Here are some of the most common library classification systems:

The Library of Congress (LC) classification system is the most common and widely used system for describing books. It is a multilingual classification system that has been in use since the 19th century. Most public and academic libraries use this system. It is also known as “shelf listing,” and it is a process of subarranging books into categories based on subject and author’s names. This helps to make it easy to find the books that you’re looking for.


There are two basic systems for cataloging books. The Library of Congress classification system is a systematic method of categorizing books according to subjects. Its main disadvantage is that it is US-centric and has only been translated into a handful of languages. In addition, it is not universal and lacks the systematic structure of other classification systems. Fortunately, there are several alternatives. Let’s look at some of them.

Libraries generally organize books according to subject. For example, books in the education department are organized in the education section. Psychology books are grouped with psychology books. These groups are based on subject matter. For each author, there may be several different titles that share the same call number. A library may also arrange books according to the size of the volume. This is a very useful system to help students find books that they are looking for.


There are several ways to categorize and arrange serials. Although the library does provide descriptive cataloging, most serials do not have a call number. Instead, they are shelved alphabetically by title in Periodicals stacks on the Lower Level. However, some serials are classified, including older titles that have ceased publication or reprinted sets, and they may be located in specialized collections.

A series of periodic publications that is issued over a specified period of time. Although these publications may have the same content, they do not continue indefinitely. For example, encyclopedias and collections of the works of prolific authors are often published as serials. These publications must be received through similar procedures to those for periodicals. However, there are a number of exceptions to these rules. Here are some examples:


This survey found that most libraries categorize audiovisual books differently from traditional books. Most librarians base their classification on patron demand and the desire to keep the stacks uniform. Others inherited the current system from a previous cataloger, while still others are limited by time or budget. In any case, the results show a variety of ways in which audiovisual books are categorized and arranged in the library.

The majority of books are arranged and classified according to the Library of Congress (LC) classification system, with alphanumeric call numbers identifying each item. The call number places each material near other materials focusing on the same subject area. The FIRST line of call numbers denotes the class or subclass of the item. For example, Class P represents general linguistics, while PR denotes English literature.