Trauma in the Body Keeps the Score by Bessel Van der Kolk

Book summary of The Body Keeps the Score Brain

Many trauma survivors suffer from psychosomatic problems, such as neck and back pain, migraines, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and irritable bowel syndrome. This book explores the relationship between the mind and the body, and how these problems are caused.


Trauma in The Body Keeps the Score is an essential book for anyone who is suffering from the effects of traumatic stress. It’s written by world-renowned expert on traumatic stress, Dr. David Katz, and offers a revolutionary new paradigm for healing. It’s the first book that provides a new, science-based treatment for this complex condition. It’s available in paperback, and will change the way you think about healing.

The Body Keeps the Score focuses on psychological trauma, which is a major contributor to psychiatric disorders. It presents an inclusive view of trauma, embracing the variety of manifestations of trauma. It promotes new trauma-related diagnoses, argues for the need for a broad definition of trauma, and suggests a wide range of treatments.

The book combines the latest advances in brain science, attachment research, and body awareness to develop novel treatments for trauma. These new therapies use the body’s natural neuroplasticity to activate the brain’s healing mechanisms, rebuilding the body’s ability to know what it knows. As a result, trauma survivors can recover from the psychological effects of their experiences while gaining back control of their bodies.

Traumatic reactions can disrupt interpersonal relationships and undermine a stable sense of self. Traumatic experiences also affect the vagus nerve, which runs from the brain to the abdomen. The vagus nerve controls several internal organ functions.


Neurofeedback has many benefits for a person’s health. It has been shown to improve mood, memory, and executive function. The practice can also address comorbid conditions such as PTSD and minor traumatic brain injury. Whether you are suffering from anxiety or PTSD, neurofeedback can help.

It helps patients rewire their brains after trauma. The brain processes governing emotions and thought processes are controlled by electrical signals, which can be damaged by trauma. Neurofeedback helps rewire those signals. When they become blocked or distorted, it can be difficult for people to regulate their emotions and make decisions.

Researchers have found that neurofeedback can help individuals with trauma change their brainwave patterns. Alpha waves are triggered when we are feeling relaxed and calm. In a study conducted by the University of Adelaide, soldiers in war zones were found to have abnormal brain waves. These soldiers had trouble paying attention and focusing. However, neurofeedback helped these soldiers regain some of their focus.

This treatment is highly effective for reducing PTSD. The neurofeedback techniques change the mind engagement and connectivity patterns of the brain. They also decrease a person’s emotional state and the symptoms of depression. They can also help people who have dual diagnoses.

Stress hormones

Stress hormones act as messengers between the brain and the body. They trigger the ‘fight or flight’ response, which helps the body fight off a threat or heal a wound. However, chronic stress weakens this response and reduces the body’s ability to fight foreign invaders. This leaves people under chronic stress more vulnerable to catching viral illnesses, such as the common cold, and they also take longer to recover from illness.

Stress is a normal reaction to many life experiences. It can be caused by everyday responsibilities or by potentially dangerous situations. In some cases, stress is beneficial, especially in the short run. For example, when faced with a bear, the adrenaline and cortisol released help the body fight the bear. When the threat is no longer present, the body returns to normal.

The brain is the central organ of the stress response, determining which stimuli are threatening and which are not. It also regulates the body’s physiology and behavioral responses to the stressor. Chronic stress, on the other hand, can lead to pathophysiology and the dysregulation of mediators.

In addition to affecting our behavior, stress hormones can affect the structure of brain neurons. In particular, the hippocampus, which is critical for cognitive function, is one of the most sensitive brain regions. Connected between the dentate gyrus and CA3 pyramidal neurons, these neurons receive input from the entorhinal cortex. The connections between these two regions of the brain are ramified, and each CA3 neuron innervates about 50 other neurons.

Symptoms of trauma

Trauma to the brain can cause a range of symptoms. A diffuse brain injury can result in an overall reduction in consciousness, while a focal brain injury can result in more specific symptoms depending on the location of the brain that was injured. The brain is composed of three regions: the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem. Each of these areas contains nerve cells called axons, which are stretched and sheared during trauma. This damage to the brain’s axons can disrupt normal signaling between brain cells and cause substantial changes in wakefulness.

Symptoms of trauma to the brain may last for weeks or even months. Typically, mild TBIs clear up within a few days to a week. However, some people may experience persistent symptoms, such as dizziness or seizures. If these symptoms are severe or last for a long time, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

While it’s still not clear how trauma affects the brain, researchers have discovered that it affects certain parts of the brain in different ways. The hippocampus, for example, is part of the limbic system, which regulates emotion and distinguishes between past and present experiences. When a person has experienced a traumatic experience, the hippocampus begins to shrink, resulting in a decrease in the volume of the brain.

Although a person’s brain can be rewired following trauma, early trauma can negatively impact brain development and lead to mental and behavioral problems. However, with the right treatment, the effects of trauma can be reversed. Early trauma can alter the insula, a region deep within the cerebral cortex that is critical for sensory information and self-awareness.


“The Body Keeps the Score” by Bessel van der Kolk is an important and hopeful book about the effects of trauma on the brain and body. It presents a wide spectrum of trauma symptoms and makes a case for a variety of body-centered treatments. In addition, it offers a realistic and hopeful perspective on the future of trauma treatment.

The author presents new treatments for trauma that are based on a deep understanding of how trauma impacts the brain, attachment systems, and the way we live our lives. This book provides an overview of current research about trauma and neuroplasticity, as well as an introduction to some innovative therapies that have been proven to be effective.

The Body Keeps the Score is an important, inspiring book that combines neuroscience, attachment research, and body awareness to explore how trauma affects brain development and our capacity for work and love. It combines clinical case studies with new neuroscientific findings and introduces novel therapeutic approaches that help traumatized individuals rewire their brains and reconnect to the present. It will change the way psychologists and psychiatrists approach trauma.

Despite its success, Van der Kolk’s book is not solely responsible for its popularity. It has been read by millions of people and reflects a cultural moment that has become increasingly aware of the importance of trauma. The recent rise of the ‘trauma’ movement is also an indication of this time, when more people attribute their suffering to factors outside of their control and seek therapeutic solutions to end it.

Shopping Cart